Tag: sustainable development

Green Basque

Just one example of the thousands of gardens that dot the Basque country from city to countryside.

Well, back in my office from another great Durango Azoka in the books and ready to get started with a whole fresh crop of books for 2016!!!

Speaking of growing, one of the most suprising things for me, a Nevada boy, coming to the Basque Country in December every year is that unfailingly, everywhere, from the tiniest corner of a bit of land in Bilbao to Elorrio, there are vegetables growing. It is a well known fact that the Basques love their cuisine, but I think the passion is no less for growing food. It is just such a strange thing, however, to see it happening in December. Especially when I’m hearing that it’s snowing back home. (And of course, we all hope a ton!)

For some connections to the Basques and the specific handling of the natural world, check out our Sustainable Development, Ecological Complexity, and Environmental Values, edited by Ignacio Ayestaran and Miren Onaindia.

Discover the Basque Country: The Basque Coast Geopark

For those of you who may be lucky enough to get to visit the Basque Country sometime, we thought we’d share a few of our favorite places with you.


The flysch formation on the coast of Zumaia revealing different eras of geological development through time. Photo by Jean Michel Etchecolonea, via Wikimedia Commons

Geoparks are areas that are committed to a strategy for sustainable development based on their natural and cultural values. The Basque Coast Geopark is the first of its kind in the Basque Country and seeks to promote both the natural and cultural environment of the coastal area linking the towns of Zumaia, Deba, and Mutriku, all in Gipuzkoa.

This particular part of the Basque coast offers a world famous example of the flysch formation: a sequence of successive rock strata uncovered as a result of erosion by wave action. These flysch strata thus reveal an entire span of geological development stretching back some 60 million years (from about 110 to 50 million years ago). In short, this is a stunning visual record of the earth’s development. This area is likewise known for its karst landscape – a topography formed by the eroded limestone of an ancient tropical sea. This erosion led to the formation of caves that also bear witness to very early human habitation.

The Basque Coast Geopark is an example of new ways of thinking about tourism and how we can interact with rather than harm nature. If you’re interested in these issues, check out Sustainable Development, Ecological Complexity, and Environmental Values, edited by Ignacio Ayestarán and Miren Onaindia. Here you’ll find a collection of articles that address environmental questions from a Basque perspective including, for example, an evaluation of millennium ecosystems from the Basque Country, the environmental value of the karstic landscape of the Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve, Basque forest systems, and the social values and sustainable practices of Basque inshore fishermen.