On November 20, 1775, Josefa Arostegui Gaztambide from Bera, Navarre, was hanged by the neck until dead. Arostegui became the first Basque woman condemned to hang. She was condemned for killing her husband and her sentence was death by hanging. Because of the brutality of the gibbet, the defense asked for her to be put to death by the garrote, which surprisingly enough, was considered a less cruel execution than hanging. Despite the opposition of prominent religious figures, Josefa was eventually executed by hanging. In the late eighteenth century, a large number of statutes specified death as the penalty for violations and crimes.

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Drawing of a hangman


Every Friday we look into our Basque archives for interesting historic events that happened on the same day.