“Izarren hautsa” (Stardust) first appeared as track 6 on singer-songwriter Xabier Lete’s 1976 LP Kantatzera noazu (I’m coming to sing for you) but most Basque people will (still hopefully) be familiar with this song today, which counts among the canonical works in the Basque songbook. Lete (1944-2010) is widely regarded as more than just a singer-songwriter and remains among the most important of modern Basque poets, with a clearly poetic sensibility that few other Basque songwriters have managed to achieve. Indeed, he published poetry throughout his life and his final book of poems, Egunsentiaren esku izotzak (Frozen hands of the dawn, 2008) won the Basque Literature Award in 2009.
“One day stardust became life.” Image by Jean-Lucien Guillaume, courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
In “Izarren hautsa” Lete reflects on the meaning of life from the starting point that, in the final analysis, we are all just stardust.
Here’s the first and last couple of verses from this Basque starman’s epic “Izarren hautsa”:
Izarren hautsa egun batean bilakatu zen bizigai,
hauts hartatikan uste gabean noizpait ginaden gu ernai.
Eta horrela bizitzen gera sortuz ta sortuz gure aukera
atsedenik hartu gabe: lana eginaz goaz aurrera
kate horretan denok batera gogorki loturik gaude.
One day stardust became life,
from that dust, suddenly, at some point, we awoke.
And that’s how we carry on, relentlessly creating our own fate,
without rest: we keep on through work,
all firmly bound together in that chain.
Gu sortu ginen enbor beretik sortuko dira besteak,
burruka hortan iraungo duten zuhaitz-ardaska gazteak.
Beren aukeren jabe eraikiz ta erortzean berriro jaikiz
ibiltzen joanen direnak: gertakizunen indar ta argiz
gure ametsa arrazoi garbiz egiztatuko dutenak.
From the same trunk we were born, others will emerge,
young branches that will carry on in that struggle.
Becoming masters of their own fate and, having fallen, rising again,
those that will walk: through the power and brilliance of actions,
those that will transform our dreams through pure reason.
Eta ametsa bilakaturik egiaren antziduri
herri zahar batek bide berritik ekingo dio urduri;
guztian lana guztien esku jasoko dute sendo ta prestu,
beren bizitzen edargai; diru zakarrak bihotzik eztu,
lotuko dute gogor ta hestu haz ez dadin gizonen gain.
And transforming dreams into the form of truth,
an old people will, through new ways, face up to its doubts;
through everyone’s toil and support, they will receive, firm and upright,
the water of life; dirty money afflicts the heart,
they will control it, firmly and tightly, so it never overpowers them.
Lyrically, “Izarren hautsa” is an epic song, a tale of human life from its very beginnings to the creation of society, and Lete is profoundly concerned with the kind of society we as humans seek to create. He may, indeed, be interested in underscoring the flimsiness of civilization itself, recalling the warning in Shelley’s famous sonnet “Ozymandias” (1818) to anyone with pretensions to greatness, believing the myth that human power is timeless (And on the pedestal these words appear / ‘My name is Ozymandias, king of kings / Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Round the decay / Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare / The lone and level sands stretch far away). Lete also composed the music for the song although he enlisted the help of fellow musician and singer Antton Valverde to improve his original composition.
Lete sometimes found that his songs enjoyed more success when sung by others, in particular through the distinctive voice of fellow Basque folk icon Mikel Laboa (1934-2008). Check out Laboa’s rearranged version of the song here:
Check out a faithful interpretation of Laboa’s version by singer-songwriter Anari (with great audience participation) here:
For a contemporary reworking of Laboa’s version check out the version below by the group Ken Zazpi:
Finally, check out a different reinterpretation of the song by the great Ruper Ordorika that relies more on the original Lete version for its inspiration:
Your call. Which version do you prefer?
If you’re interested in contemporary Basque music, be sure to check out Jon Eskisabel Urtuzaga’s Basque Songwriting: Pop, Rock, Folk, published by the Etxepare Basque Institute and available free to download here.